Education should always be purposeful, growth oriented and productive. But Technical institutes are failing to produce dynamic and enterprising youngsters capable of facing the changing times and taking on the toughest technical challenges. Academic Qualifications no longer define the worth and expertise of a candidate and prospective employers are no longer looking at mere qualifications but at the employability potential of the candidate. Furthermore, the industry has neither the time nor inclination to train a fresher in skills required. Owing to tough competition, industry is ready to recruit only skilled candidates who can contribute immediately to the well being of the company.
Hence the emphasis is on how best to integrate industry relevant skill set and regular college curriculum and expose students to real workplace culture. The need of the hour is a sustainable platform to hone the skills of students and provide the support each individual needs to grow. A well defined solution is the establishment of Skill Development Centers (SDC) by the Commissionerate of Technical Education (CTE).
SDC is a progressive and student friendly initiative of CTE with a well intended objective to eliminate disconnect between pure theory taught in colleges and the reality in the global job market. SDC will create an opportunity culture where each student has an opportunity to excel and is encouraged to realize his vision and long term objectives. Paramount importance will be given to training students in employability skills that cater to industry and technological needs. But, SDC also realizes the basic truth that being technically good is not adequate and therefore rigorous training will be given in communication skills, sound values and professional ethics to enable the student to venture out in confidence and prove his caliber in the competitive workplace.
Technical Education in Telangana has experienced a sea change in the last decade. However, the change is not uniform at Graduate and Diploma Education levels. There has been a tremendous explosion in the number of colleges, courses and seats at the graduate level both in Government and private sectors. But, on the contrary there is no commensurate increase in the field of Polytechnic Education. This disproportionate access has led to a ratio of diploma to graduate level seats to about 1:4 while it should have been 3:1 or even higher. Unlike Engineering Colleges, only 15 to 20% of Polytechnics exist in the Private Sector. The XI Plan envisaged the establishment of one Polytechnic in each of the 200 districts in the country not having even one at present. Further, the HRD Ministry has also proposed at least 1000 Polytechnics in XI Plan i.e., 300 in Govt. Sector, 300 in PPP and 400 in the Private Sector. If the availability of the number of seats at diploma level has been a serious concern, the challenge to be employable by the Industry is another major issue. Current Technical Education Scenario in Telangana.
A recent study of World Bank that surveyed employers in 20 sectors such as IT, Power and Infrastructure revealed that the fresh Engineering graduates hired by them lacked the skillsets that are essential for carrying out the job requirements. This is in spite of the fact that they have very good academic record. In addition, these recruited graduates were found to be deficient in innovative skills, problem solving approaches and often lacked the necessary soft skills and team skills. Interests to learn new concepts and willingness to update have also been found to be lacking. While identifying that each sector has different skillset requirements, the World Bank report suggests major initiatives in Higher Education in terms of curricular and assessment changes to improve analytical skills. Statistics indicates that about 70% of the population in India will be in the working age (15-59) group by 2020. This provides our country with immense potential to become a super productive country. We need to prepare our students for the future by equipping them with life skills, communication skills, technical skills, creative skills, critical thinking other skillsets. In this endeavor, the Department of Technical Education of Telangana is exploring all the possible ways and means to address the gap between the requirement of the Industry in terms of quality and skills set of the students.
Employability and Skill Set of Newly Graduated Engineers in India by Andreas Blom & Hiroshi Saeki- The World Bank South Asia Region Education Team April 2011 WPS5640 Public
The SDC Scheme:
Several curricular initiatives of Universities, Technical Boards and other Agencies to improve the quality in Technical Education to enhance skill development and employability of the students have made very little impact, probably because, students do not get practical and hands on experience. The situation is analogous to attempting to learn swimming by reading books and not getting into the water.
Severe skill crunch affect chances of students in the global job arena. Hence, it was strongly felt that to enable students maximize their potential and gain an edge in the competitive job market, establishing Skill Development Centres (SDCs) would create a dynamic learning platform that will significantly benefit students with its innovative training strategies and cost effective technological advancements. The SDC platform is different from other training providers in its objectives and mode of functioning. While other training providers cater to different disciplines and adopt a general skill frame work, this scheme on the other hand will restrict itself strictly to technical discipline i.e., for students pursuing professional courses in Polytechnic and Engineering colleges. A rigorous training curriculum is chalked out keeping in mind technical students immediate job needs, related skill set training programme with the due support of live projects.
Context and Rationale:
In the present context of: i. ensuring quality after providing increased access to Technical Education ii. meeting the global requirements of Engineering professionals iii. improving Indian Economy by developing a large pool of employable diploma holders and engineering graduate iv. meeting the social requirement of providing necessary skills to the working age group population that is going to constitute to almost 70% of the country population by 2025. exploring possible ways to circumvent the criticism of all the present user agencies and other stakeholders for not providing the right quality of diploma holders It has become mandatory on the part of the Department of Technical Education to establish SDCs which would be adjunct to polytechnics and function independently by providing the required additional inputs to improve employability through skill development, thus bridging the gap between academia and Industry.
Establish and nurture Skill Development Centres on a self sustaining mode in all Polytechnics in a phased manner for catering to the need to cope up with rapid economic developments at all levels.
Provide skill based training and placement opportunities to students who do not opt for higher studies and look for immediate employment on completion of Diploma/Degree in Engineering
Encourage partnerships with reliable companies and facilitate short term internship programmes to support students financial needs under the Government Earn while you Learn scheme.
Guide students on the broad range of innovative courses and study areas available as part of advanced study and help them seek admission into the course of their choice through ECET, EAMCET. Create opportunities to imbibe technical skills, as identified by the Industries, required at the work place and which are not included in the regular curriculum.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SDC PROGRAMMES
The centre will offer Industry relevant practical approach to the technical knowledge acquired as part of mainstream curriculum and Industry standard, international certification on the domain subjects/technical skills. Work based skills and academic qualifications will be integrated into a single system under SDC to benefit the student.
The continuous up scaling and latest updates at SDC will allow the student to navigate his career aspirations
The focus on Communication skills with added emphasis on business communication, Soft skills and Critical thinking skills will enhance the employability potential and will give students an advantage academically and professionally.
The entire training course framework will involve students in outcome oriented live projects to provide invaluable insight into the â€˜realâ€™ world of work and subsequently help them acquire work place culture and much needed work experience.
The career guidance on the array of opportunities available to students pursuing professional courses and regular campus recruitment drives will mitigate the problem of delayed employment.
Improving General Skills among Students
The training programme at SDCs is designed to enable the all round growth of students. An important thrust area is to develop general competencies among students that will enhance their personality development special sources are designed with the aim to impart value based life skills, communication and life skills, soft skills, analytical skills and special emphasis is given to 21st century skills like, creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving. It would also facilitate skills for meeting the challenge of the competitive world like developing leadership and team skills.
Improving Communication and English Language
A 100 hour training programme with a specially designed curriculum will be implemented in SDCs to impart student fluency and proficiency in the use of English language. A course book Poly Skills has been developed to help enhance students ability to communicate and interact fluently and with confidence both at the work place and in the world at large. English mentors trained in CLT Methodology will help students aquaria the require language and communication skills using student centric methodology.
Improving Soft Skills
The 100 Hr training programme integrates modules on soft skills critical thinking, creative thinking and problem solving skills is essential for students to grow personally and professionally in todayâ€™s World. English mentors will facilitate the Soft skills training programme equipping students will the necessary skills to function effectively and optimally in todayâ€™s work place and succeed in life.
Improving Analytical Skills
A 75 Hr. training programme has been designed to enhance the reasoning and analytical ability at SDC, the trained faculty will deliver the specially designed course as the part of SDC curriculum
Providing Domain Knowledge in Specialized fields
Imparting Technical Skills relevant to Domain Knowledge
Customized Training Programmes (as per Industry needs)
Providing Hands on Experience
Providing Infrastructural Facilities for Industries and other Service Sector Agencies for faculty Development and Provide Hands on Experience to Students
Server 1 Dell Power Edge R 815
Work Station 2 – Workstations
Desktops 28 – Desktops
U P S – 10KVA 1 UPS
Printer – HP All in One 1 All in One
Projector Projector – 1
Integrated Computer Cum Projector – 1
Head Phones 31 – Headphones
Total Station (Surveying Instrument) 1 – Total Station
- Cloud Computing
- Open Source Web technologies
- Siemens- SolidEdge
- Trimble-Total Station
- Open Source Web Technologies
For further details feel free to contact:
Sri J Srinivasa Rao
Skill Development Center,